Extensive site with many links
The resources at this site explore segregation in America from 1870s to 1950s.
Many good interactive tools to explore the impact of Jim Crow laws and traditions.
By 1896 segregation in railway cars was in effect in all Southern states. In an effort to test the constitutionality of Louisiana's segregation laws, Homer A. Plessy, who was only one-eighth African American and could easily "pass" for white, sat in a white car after having made it known that he was an African American. When he was asked to move to an African American car, Plessy refused. He was arrested and tried, and he appealed his conviction to the Louisiana Supreme Court. The U.S. Supreme Court heard the case on a writ of error and, in a landmark decision, ruled that "separate but equal accommodations" were constitutional. The judgment sanctioned segregation in the South as well as the North for nearly sixty years.
Many good sites lower on page.
Outlines major civil rights events in the 40s and beyond. Click the years on the left to move through the decade.
Speech: A. Philip Randolph: Why Should We March?
President Harry S. Truman
Sharecropping and tenant farming
Two interesting articles:
After 1877, following the withdrawal of Union troops from South Carolina, Louisiana, and Florida, Reconstruction officially ended. In theory, African Americans were free, but in practice, their status was far from equal. The intent of the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments with regard to African Americans was being whittled away by state legislation in the South and Supreme Court decisions. African American participation in all phases of American life was qualified by prejudice; most avenues of social and economic improvement remained closed. Frederick Douglass, the best-known and most influential African American spokesman of his time, considered these facts and offered a solution in this speech.
Awesome list of links to primary documents and articles related to your topic. Scroll down and check out the section, 'Racism, Violence and the KKK'.
Notice not only the main article, but in the upper left corner there are links to a couple of pictures and also several related articles.
Here is more from the PBS site, but all about the KKK during Reconstruction.
This biography is told by Ernest J. Gaines himself. He tells a little about where he comes from and about his Novel, A Lesson Before Dying. He tells us about the place where he was raised and how it influenced his writings.
Here's more on the biography on the author of Lesson Befoe Dying
Current Information Regarding Death Penalty and Executions Death Penalty Information Center
A historical look at the Death Penalty
This site has audio examples
Click the tabs at the top labeled "The Great Depression 1930-1940" and "War, Labor and Race: 1940s-1950s".
Try the links on the right side of the page.
Look at "Faces of the Renaissance" on the left side of the page and "Themes and Variations" on the right